Depression

Depression is one of the most common reasons that people seek therapy. It is an illness that affects the way people eat and sleep, the way they feel about themselves, and think about things. Since depression tends to run in families, researchers believe that there is a genetic component to the illness, but it is often triggered by a stressful event. People with a depression can’t just decide to feel better that way most of us can when we experience a sad mood or event. Without treatment, symptoms can last for weeks, months, or years. Appropriate treatment, however, can help most people who suffer from depression. Symptoms of depression include:

 

For More Information:

Adults:
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/publicat/depression.cfm#ptdep6

Adolescents:
http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/mental_health/depression.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) Back to topic

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a psychotherapy that is based on the idea that our thoughts influence our feelings and our behavior. Therefore, negative and unrealistic thoughts can cause us distress and result in problems such as depression, anxiety, obsessions, and many other problems. The goal of therapy is to identify the types of thoughts that lead to negative emotion and identify what it is about them that is irrational or not helpful. Through this process, distorted thoughts can then be replaced by more realistic alternative thoughts, and a person will experience a greater sense of satisfaction with life and a better ability to cope with day to day stresses. For conditions such as phobias, CBT may also involve gradual exposure to the fear, in order to extinguish it, in a safe, relaxed environment.